Water has become one of the most important strategic resources in the world and “oil of the 21st century”. According to some estimates, even wars over water and water resources could be waged in the future.
According to researches on renewable drinking water sources, Bosnia and Herzegovina is one the countries with the highest amount of drinking water per capita.
With 9,461 cubic meters of drinking water per capita, Bosnia and Herzegovina is the first in the region and the seventh in Europe. Bosnia and Herzegovina is richer in water resources than many countries in the world, including China, France, Germany, Japan and the United States. By comparison, Bosnia and Herzegovina is seven times richer than Germany in renewable drinking water sources. In the region of Southeast Europe, right after Bosnia and Herzegovina is Croatia, which has 8,555 cubic meters of water per capita. It is followed by Albania, where, according to the World Bank, 8,364 cubic meters of drinking water per capita were recorded. At the very back are Macedonia with 2,616 and Serbia with 1,158 cubic meters of drinking water per capita. According to these data, Bosnia and Herzegovina is seven times richer in the field of renewable drinking water sources than neighboring Serbia.
Natural and thermal springs
Bosnia and Herzegovina also has an extremely large number of natural and thermal springs, among which are extremely rare mineral springs that are known in professional circles and around the world, such as Crni Guber, Kulaši and Gračanica.
There are also a significant number of sulfur springs, the most famous of which are the Ilidža thermal sulfur springs, the thermal radioactive water of Fojnica and the healing thermal water of Banja Vrućica.
The European Water Framework Directive, which Bosnia and Herzegovina has accepted as an obligation under the Stabilization and Association Agreement, emphasizes the need for further integration of water protection and sustainable management in the tourism sector as well.
Experts point out that Bosnia and Herzegovina should focus more on exporting water to countries that are deficient in water resources.
Water resources in the world
The poorest country in terms of water resources in the world is Bahrain, where there are only 3 cubic meters of drinking water per capita, followed by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with 19, Egypt 22, Qatar 30 and Saudi Arabia with 85 cubic meters of drinking water per capita.
The results of this researches on renewable sources of drinking water were collected on the basis of measured amounts of inland waterways and groundwater in a particular country.
The vibrant Bosnian nature and water supplies have been one of the top reasons for big interest of people from GCC for visiting and staying in Bosnia and Herzegovina.